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What are dental implants

What are dental implants

Posted on: 20 Feb 2013

Dental implants are gaining more speed as an option for restoring missing teeth. They are placed directly into the bone, unlike natural teeth whose roots are firmly associated with periodontal fibers and thus "hang" in the tooth socket.

What are implants?

Often the implants are made of titanium metal which is biotolerant (not rejected by the body as foreign body). Over time, the bone and the implant become one - so called place Osseo integration. On top of the implant to the gums has Enda meter plug-alkali which can be bolted or anchored with clips - crowns, bridges or dentures. Although the popularity of implants grew enormously, they are not suitable for everyone. Patients must be in good general medical condition, with healthy gums and sufficient bone thickness where the implant will be placed.

Placing the implant

Putting implants can happen immediately after tooth extraction or after some time has passed. Once the implant is placed, the gum is sutured over it and place left to heal. The stitches are usually removed within a week. The process of healing allows the bone to adhesions to the surface of the implant. Osseo integration process usually lasts between 3 and 6 months. During the healing period, put a temporary bridge or denture in place of removed teeth. If you already have complete dentures, they can be processed so that it can continue to use them. The exact duration of the healing period is determined by the treating dentist. After this period, a small surgical procedure reveals the top of the implant. When the gum heals again, your dentist can take impressions for fabrication of crown, bridge or denture.

Care implants

Implant care is very important. You must make a very careful and regular cleaning of implants and residual teeth brush and floss. Your dentist will explain in detail the care that must be made ​​to maintain the implant. He will ask for regular supervisory visits, which will be accompanied by the construction of x-ray follow-up of implants.

What are the risks?

Placing the implants as a surgical procedure is usually quite safe. Like any surgical procedure, however, that there is some element of risk. Before finally deciding whether to place implants you should be aware of possible side effects and possible complications.

Complications with dental implants

Complications are problems that can occur during or after the procedure. There have been relatively rare. In some patients, bleeding may occur above the limit, unexpected reaction to anesthesia or infection. It is likely that you are prescribed antibiotics and antiseptic solutions for rinsing the mouth to reduce the risk of infection of the implant.

Your jaw contains nerves that provide sensitive tongue, chin, lower lip and lower teeth. In a small percentage of cases during implant surgery can be affected by certain nerves, causing numbness in the areas enervate. Most often this is temporary, but sometimes sensitivity can be changed permanently. Implants are not recommended for smokers or patients with uncontrolled chronic disease (diabetes) or osteoporosis. Ask your dentist if implants can be done in your case. If there are contraindications, it should be discussed other treatment options. Sometimes you do not sound fused with the bone implant and make it "loose". If this happens, your dentist must remove the implant to the bone waiting to heal before trying to develop a new implant. Most implants are often successful but may occur damage to crowns, bridges or dentures that rest on implants. This can happen accidentally or as a result of wear - like normal teeth. If this happens, these structures need to be replaced. If the implant is not damaged this replacement is usually very straightforward.


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